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Christians, Pagans, and the Altar of Victory, 384 Microgame

by John E. Moser

This game is currently not under revision and the author is interested in handing it off to anyone interested in its development. Please contact Ray Kimball if you are interested in assuming authorship of this game.

You are a member of the Roman Senate in 384 AD. Since the days of Constantine, Rome has been a deeply divided city. Constantine rescinded the old laws prohibiting Christianity, openly favored Christians in staffing the imperial bureaucracy, and established Constantinople as a specifically Christian city. Nevertheless, many Romans—perhaps most of them—remain faithful to the traditional religion, which the Christians dismissively refer to as paganism (from the Latin term paganus, which roughly means “rustic” or “uneducated” [or even “bumpkin”]). The result for much of the fourth century has been domestic turmoil.



Political Science, Religion 

4th Century

Themes and Issues  
Senate, Political discourse, Democratic participation, Early Christianity

Microgame (what's that mean?


Primary Source Highlights

Using the Game

Class Time  

Possible Reacting Game Pairings
This game can be used on its own, or with other games. These pairings are meant to be illustrative rather than exhaustive or prescriptive. Altar of Victory may pair well with:

You can adjust the assignments based on the desired learning outcomes of your class. This game can include:

Class Size and Scalability


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Additional Resources 

Resources for Introduction and/or Debrief


John E. Moser

John E. Moser is professor of history and chair of the masters program in American History and Government at Ashland University. He did his undergraduate work at Ohio University, and has an M.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. At Ashland he teaches courses on modern European, American and East Asian history, and in 2016 received the university’s Edward and Louaine Taylor Award for Excellence in Teaching. John has published numerous works on subjects ranging from comic books to Japanese foreign policy. He is author of four books, the most recent of which is The Global Great Depression and the Coming of World War II, which was published by Routledge in 2015. He has also published three games for the Reacting to the Past series, including Japan, 1941: Between Pan-Asianism and the West; Europe on the Brink, 1914: The July Crisis; and (with Nicolas W. Proctor) Restoring the World, 1945: Security and Empire at Yalta. He lives in Ashland with his wife Monica, their daughter Stanzi, and their three dogs.


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